# Joomla VirtueMart integration

This document explains how to integrate BTCPay Server into your Joomla VirtueMart store.

# Requirements

Please ensure that you meet the following requirements before installing this plugin.

# 1. Install BTCPay Plugin

There are three ways to download BTCPay for VirtueMart plugin:

  1. Menu: Extensions > Manage > Install
  2. On "Install from Web" tab search for "btcpay"
  3. Click on BTCPay for VirtueMart and [Install] button
  4. Continue with step 1.3
BTCPay Virtuemart: Plugin installation web

# 1.2 Download and install plugin from JED or GitHub

  1. Download the latest BTCPay plugin from Github (opens new window) or JED (opens new window)
  2. Menu: Extensions -> Manage -> Install
  3. On tab "Upload Package File" upload the btcpayvm.zip
BTCPay Virtuemart: Plugin installation upload

# 1.3 Enable the plugin

  1. Menu: Extensions -> Plugins
  2. Search for "btcpay"
  3. On "Status" column click the red circle to enable the plugin
BTCPay Virtuemart: Enable plugin

# 2. Connecting VirtueMart and BTCPay Server

BTCPay for Virtuemart plugin is a bridge between your BTCPay Server (payment processor) and your e-commerce store. No matter if you're using a self-hosted or third-party solution, the connection process is identical.

# 2.1 Add BTCPay payment gateway in VirtueMart

  1. Menu: VirtueMart -> Payment Methods
  2. Click button [New] BTCPay Virtuemart: Add new payment method
  3. Configure the payment method according to your needs. Make sure on "Payment Method" dropdown you have "BTCPay for VirtueMart" selected and the payment method is published BTCPay Virtuemart: Payment method details
  4. Hit the [Save] button (the plugin table will get created)

Now you can switch to the "Configuration" tab where we can connect to our BTCPay Server instance. First we need to create an API key.

BTCPay Virtuemart: Payment method configuration tab

# 2.2 Create an API key and configure permissions

On BTCPay Server instance:

  1. Click on [Account]
  2. Click on [Manage Account] BTCPay Joomla VirtueMart: Manage Account
  3. Go to the tab "API Keys"
  4. Click [Generate Key] to select permissions.
    BTCPay Joomla VirtueMart: API Keys overview
  5. Add a label. Important: click on the "Select specific stores" link for the following permissions: View invoices, Create invoice, Modify invoices, Modify stores webhooks, View your stores and select the specific store you created for your VirtueMart site. It should look like when everything is set: BTCPay Joomla VirtueMart: API Keys Permissions
  6. Click on [Generate API Key]
    BTCPay Joomla VirtueMart: API Keys Save
  7. Copy the generated API Key to your VirtueMart BTCPay Payment Method Settings form
    BTCPay Joomla VirtueMart: Copy API Key
  8. Go to Settings and copy the store ID to your VirtueMart BTCPay Payment Method Settings form
    BTCPay Joomla VirtueMart: Copy Store ID
  9. On the VirtueMart BTCPay Payment Method Settings form make sure BTPCay Server URL, API Key and Store ID are set and click [Save]
    BTCPay Joomla VirtueMart: Save VirtueMart Settings form

# 2.3 Create a webhook on BTCPay Server

Setting up a webhook is important that your gets updates on invoice status changes from BTCPay Server.

  1. On BTCPay Server instance go to your store settings, tab [Webhooks], click [Create Webhook] BTCPay Joomla VirtueMart: Create webhook

  2. From VirtueMart BTCPay Payment Method Settings copy the Webhook callback URL to webhook settings Payload URL. BTCPay Joomla VirtueMart: Webhook payload URL

  3. On webhook settings click on the eye to reveal webhook secret. Copy that secret to your VirtueMart BTCPay Payment Method Settings form Webhook Secret input and [Save] the VirtueMart configuration again. BTCPay Joomla VirtueMart: Webhook payload URL BTCPay Joomla VirtueMart: Webhook VM save configuration

  4. Back on webhook settings, enable Automatic redelivery and click [Add webhook] to save the webhook. BTCPay Joomla VirtueMart: Webhook payload URL

# 3. Test the checkout

Everything is ready to go now. Do a small test purchase and make sure the order status gets updated according to the BTCPay invoice status. On BTCPay Server invoice details you can see if the webhook events were fired successfully.

# Customizing VirtueMart BTCPay payment method settings

Your VirtueMart BTCPay payment method settings can be found in menu: VirtueMart -> Payment Methods. Click on the payment method of type "btcpayvm" you created.

# Section: BTCPay Server connection settings

This is the most important part of the configuration. The data entered here will connect your VirtueMart shop with your counterparty store configured on BTCPay Server.

BTCPay Server URL

URL to your BTCPay Server instance, including protocol e.g. https://btcpay.yourdomain.com.

API Key

Your BTCPay API Key as mentioned here.

Store ID

The store ID of your BTCPay Server store. Can be found on the store settings page. See 8. here

Webhook Secret

The wehbook secret which was generated on webhook createion, see here

Webhook callback URL

This field is auto-generated by the plugin and helps you when creating the webhook on BTCPay Server. It contains the needed payment method id and parameters to allow processing of callbacks.

# Section: Order states mapping

You can adjust the mapping of BTCPay Server invoice status to VirtueMart order states. On the left are the invoice states and on the right the order states. The defaults here should be good to go - but if you need, you can overwrite them.

VirtueMart order statuses are explained here (opens new window)

BTCPay server invoice statuses are explained here

# Section: Restrictions

These are VirtueMart provided restrictions you know from other payment plugins. You can restrict the amount or countries when the payment method will be available.

# Section Discounts and fees

These are VirtueMart provided settings. You can set a fee, cashback and apply tax rules or set a custom logo for the payment method.

# Troubleshooting

# Error on checkout "There was an error processing the payment on BTCPay Server. Please try again and contact us if the problem persists."

This means something went wrong with creating the invoice on BTCPay Server. It could be either wrong api key, store id or another communication error. You can find the error logs of the plugin in the following directory: administrator/logs there you will have one or more files called btcpayvm.X.log.php where X is a number e.g. btcpayvm.0.log.php you will find timestamped errors there that should give you a hint what the problem is.

Example:

2022-05-24 21:10:50 ERROR Error during POST to https://btcpay.example.com/api/v1/stores/4kD5bvAF5j8DokHqAzxb6MFDV4ikabcdefghijklm/invoices. Got response (401): {"code":"unauthenticated","message":"Authentication is required for accessing this endpoint"}

  • This means there is some authentication error. Likely your api key does not have permission create invoices for that store. Make sure you gave the api key the right permissions and you give it to the right store and also entered that in VirtueMart payment configuration form.

  • Another reason could be that you use a legacy api key. The legacy api keys are located in store settings -> Access Tokens. But you need to create an account api key which is located in Account -> Manage Account -> tab "API Keys". See section 2.2 Create an API key and configure permissions.

# The order states do not update although the invoice has been paid

Please check the details of your invoice if there were any errors on sending the webhook request. Some hosting providers, firewall setups or Joomla security plugins may block POST requests to your site which lead to a http status of "403 forbidden".

You can check and verify yourself if there is something blocking requests to your site in one of these two ways:

1. Copy webhook callback URL
go to your VirtueMart BTCPay Payment Method Settings and copy the "Webhook callback URL". e.g. https://EXAMPLE.COM/index.php?option=com_virtuemart&view=pluginresponse&task=pluginnotification&pm=2

BTCPay Joomla VirtueMart: Webhook payload URL

2.1 Check using a command line (Linux or MacOS):

curl -vX POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" \
    -d '{"data": "test"}' WEBHOOK_CALLBACK_URL

(replace WEBHOOK_CALLBACK_URL with the one copied above)

Result:

.... snip ....
* upload completely sent off: 16 out of 16 bytes
< HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden
< access-control-allow-origin: *
< Content-Type: application/json; charset=UTF-8
< X-Cloud-Trace-Context: 4f07d5b2e5c2f05949d04421a8e2dd6a
< Date: Thu, 17 Feb 2022 10:06:50 GMT
< Server: Google Frontend
< Content-Length: 26

If you see that line "HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden" or "HTTP/2 403" then something is blocking data sent to your VirtueMart site. You should ask your hosting provider or make sure no firewall or plugin is blocking the requests.

2.2 Check using an online service (if you do not have a command line available:

  • Go to https://reqbin.com/post-online (opens new window)
    1. Enter your callback url (copied from step 1 above): https://EXAMPLE.COM/index.php?option=com_virtuemart&view=pluginresponse&task=pluginnotification&pm=2 (replace this URL with the webhook callback url from step 1)
  • Make sure "POST" is selected
    1. Click [Send]
BTCPay Joomla VirtueMart: Webhook payload URL forbidden

If you see "Status 403 (Forbidden)" then POST requests to your site are blocked for some reason. You should ask your hosting provider or make sure no firewall or plugin is blocking the requests. If you see any other status code (200, 500, ...) a firewall problem seems to not apply, you probably need to further investigate.

Feel free to join our support channel over at https://chat.btcpayserver.org/ (opens new window) if you need help or have any further questions.